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WASHINGTON - July 12: President Bush's nominee for surgeon general, James Holsinger Jr., during his nomination hearing before the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee. He faced a panel of skeptical senators during a confirmation hearing Thursday, as he answered questions about his views on homosexuality that stemmed from a paper he wrote in 1991. The hearing came just a couple of days after House testimony by former Surgeon General Richard Carmona. On July 10, Carmona told the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee that the White House edited speeches and pressured him to take ideological positions rather than use his judgment as a physician and scientist. Holsinger said if he faced similar pressures and was unable to find a compromise that satisfied his judgment as a physician, he would resign. When Chairman Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., asked Holsinger to defend his 1991 paper, "The Pathophysiology of Male Homosexuality," the doctor did his best to distance himself from it, saying it represented the science available at the time. "The paper does not represent where I am today or who I am today," Holsinger said. The paper was presented to a conference of the United Methodist Church and detailed several homosexual acts and practices and their health consequences for gay men. Holsinger currently serves as president of the United Methodist Church's Judiciary Council, which makes decisions on interpretation of church rule and policy. Holsinger's paper has the potential to become a make-or-break issue once his nomination goes to the full Senate, and it likely will be the determining factor in the Senate's vote for confirmation. (Photo by Scott J. Ferrell/Congressional Quarterly).

WASHINGTON - July 12: President Bush's nominee for surgeon general, James Holsinger Jr., during his nomination hearing before the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee. He faced a panel of skeptical senators during a confirmation hearing Thursday, as he answered questions about his views on homosexuality that stemmed from a paper he wrote in 1991. The hearing came just a couple of days after House testimony by former Surgeon General Richard Carmona. On July 10, Carmona told...
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